Old Testament Survey

Lesson 222 Kings and 2 Chronicles

In this lesson, we will continue our study of Kings and Chronicles, looking at the kings and the kingdoms that followed Solomon’s reign.

Bible

We will begin our study with a review of the highlights of the interactions between Israel and the surrounding nations during the period of 931 BC 722 BC, when the Northern Kingdom (Israel) is destroyed by the Assyrians.

The dynasties of the Northern Kingdom lasted from 930 BC through 722 BC and consisted of the following Nine Ruling Families or Dynasties:

  1. Jeroboam I reigned for 22 years (931-909), and his son Nadab for 2 years (909-908) until he was murdered by Baasha.
  2. Baasha reigned for 23 years (908-886), and his son Elah for 2 years (886-885) until he was murdered by Zimri.
  3. Zimri reigned for 7 days (885); then he committed suicide by setting fire to his palace after Omni and the army besieged his hide-out in Tirzah.
  4. Omri reigned for 12 years (885-874), succeeded by his son Ahab for 22 yrs (874-853), his grandson Ahaziah for 2 years (853-852), and his other grandson Jehoram/Joram (after Ahaziah’s accidental death) for 12 yrs (852-841) until he was killed by Jehu. [Also Tibni contested Omri as king for 5 yrs, but he is not typically included in the list of ruling family dynasties (885-880 co-regency overlap)]
  5. Jehu reigned for 28 years (841-814), his son Jehoahaz for 17 years (814-798), his grandson Jehoash/Joash for 16 years (798-782), his great-grandson Jeroboam II for 41 years (793-753 co-regency overlap), and his great-great-grandson Zechariah/Zachariah for 6 months until he was murdered by Shallum (753). For his obedience to God in eliminating the cult of Baal worship, Jehu was rewarded with the longest dynasty in Israel’s history 5 generations.
  6. Shallum reigned for 1 month (752) until he was assassinated by Menahem.
  7. Menahem reigned for 10 yrs (752-742), and his son Pekahiah for 2 yrs (742-740) until he was assassinated by Pekah.
  8. Pekah reigned for 20 yrs (752-732 co-regency overlap) until he was murdered by Hoshea.
  9. Hoshea ruled for 11 yrs (732-722) until Israel fell to the Assyrians.

To help you keep track of and compare the ruling time periods of the various Kings (and Prophets) between the Northern and Southern Kingdoms, I have included a Kings and Prophets study aid, courtesy of Rose Publishing. (This is a large file, and may take a little while to download to your computer.)

The following major events occurred during the time of the Northern Kingdom. Use the scripture cited to fill in the blanks:

  • 925 BC - Moab revolts and becomes free.
  • 925 BC - Ammon declares freedom from Jeroboam.
  • 877 BC - Moab is subjugated by Omri.
  • 853 BC - The Moabites, the Ammonites, and "men from Mount Seir", now loosely allied with Ahab in the Northern Kingdom, go against _______ (2 Chronicles 20:1). This coalition goes against Jehoshaphat, but God gives Judah the victory, as the "alliance" breaks down, the attacking nations slaughter each other instead of the men of Judah.
  • 850 BC - King Mesha of Moab revolts against the King of ________ and goes free. However, a three-nation coalition is formed to defeat the Moabites. These were the King of ________ (Jehoram), the King of _______ (Jehoshaphat), and the King of _____. (2 Kings 3:4-27).
  • 845 BC - Next, _____ revolts against Judah and gains its freedom (2 Chronicles 21:8-10).
  • 794 BC - Finally, Edom is defeated by _________. (2 Chronicles 25:11-13)
  • 780 BC - Amaziah and Jeroboam II subjugate all three nations again (Ammon, Edom, and Moab).
  • 738 BC After they rebelled and again become a military and political threat to Judah, Jotham defeated the ___________ and exacted a tribute from them.(2 Chronicles 27:1-5)
  • 735 BC - Edom gains its freedom from ______, the King of _______. (2 Chronicles 28:17)
  • 732 BC - All three nations (Ammon, Moab, and Edom) become Assyrian tributaries.
  • 711 BC - Sargon of Assyria invades Moab and actually conquers it. The other two nations (Ammon & Edom) remain Assyrian tributaries.
  • 690 BC - Ammon and Moab rebel against the Assyrians however the rebellion is repressed.
  • 612 BC - All three nations gain partial freedom when Nineveh is destroyed.
  • 607 BC The Edomites help the Babylonians raid Judah.
  • 605 BC - Moab is subjugated by Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar.
  • 601 BC - The Edomites become a Babylonian Tributary.
  • 581 BC - Moab rebels and is conquered again by the Babylonians.
  • 581 BC - The King of Ammon is conquered by the Babylonians.

In the last lesson, we studied about Elijah and his confrontation with the prophets of Baal. We now turn our attention to Elisha.

Read the scripture passages cited below, and answer the following:

  1. In 2 Kings Chapter 2, what did Elijah do in order for him and Elisha to cross the Jordan on dry ground?
  2. What did Elisha ask Elijah to grant him before Elijah was taken up to heaven?
  3. When Elisha wants to go back across the Jordan on dry land what does he do
  4. Continuing in 2 Kings Chapter 3, in utter defeat, what horrible thing does the King of Moab do to his son, who is heir to his throne?
  5. Read 2 Kings Chapter 5 and briefly describe the healing of Naaman.
  6. What is the sin of Gehazi that follows the healing of Naaman, and what application does this have for us today?
  7. In 2 Chronicles 21:4, how did Jehoram (aka, Joram), the King of Judah, secure the throne for himself? Who was his wife, and what was her religion?
  8. The death of Jezebel is described in 2 Kings Chapter 9. How does her death compare with Elijah’s prophecy in 1 Kings 21:21-23?

And so continues our rapid study through the period of divided kingdoms, covering a lot of material in each lesson; and in each lesson, we are confronted with the evil that prevailed in both kingdoms, when they abandoned their God and chose to worship idols and to follow their own desires. God again brings them to judgment, as the Assyrians destroy the Northern Kingdom in 722 BC. 137 years later, Judah will be punished and Jerusalem destroyed, as the Babylonians brings God’s judgment and punishment to the Southern Kingdom.

May all of us see God as our sovereign God, our sole source of strength, our only provider, and may we see Jesus as our only Savior as we continue to study His Holy Word in the coming weeks. Don’t allow the ways of this world, or the desires of your heart, to separate you from God’s great love and compassion. I encourage you to find someone this week with whom you can share the Good News of His great love and His saving grace!

Thanks for studying with us. Have a great week everyone.

In Christ,

Wes

[2009]

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